Press Releases  ::   "Internationally prohibited" Chemical Weapons Are Likely to Be Used By Syrian Regime Forces


Press Statement

"Internationally prohibited" Chemical Weapons Are Likely to Be Used By Syrian Regime Forces

Violation Documentation Center in Syria

16 Jan 2014

The violation Documentation Center in Syria (VDC) has received information about the use of the Syrian Army forces of poisonous gases in the city of Daryya in Damascus Suburbs. This is according to a statement released by Darayya Local Council on their Facebook official page on Tuesday 14 Jan 2014 at about 2:00 am.

Accordingly, VDC Team has contacted- via Skype- Muhannad AbuIzzen, the Media Spokesman of Darayya Local Council. He said:

 

"The Syrian Army forces used poisonous gases at one of the clashes between their forces and the forces of the Free Syrian Army east of Daryya on 01/13/2014 between 10-11 pm. The shells- loaded with poisonous gas- were grenades. However, we still cannot tell the way those bombs were launched; whether thrown manually or with a special gun.

Immediately, fourteen members of the Free Army got wounded. And due to the severity of the clashes taking place at the time of the attack and the delay in moving the injured to the medical point; four of those wounded died. The attack followed many other attacks in which the regime forces had used explosive barrels for shelling the city. During the three days that preceded  the attack,  (12) air strikes had been reported, and (36) explosive barrels had been dropped on the city during the preceding twelve days. "

End of Testimony

The activists at the medical point have shot "five videos" showing the injured in one of the medical points in Daryya. They suffered nervous cramps and difficulty in breathing. Thus, they were put on oxygen respirators, and their clothes were taken off and put in plastic bags to prevent the transmission of gas to the medical staff.

 

Muhannad AbuIzzen could locate the site of the attack depending on the information he received from the injured. It was a building named "Hijazzi Building" which coordinates 33.454825, 36.247994


The Violation Documentation Center in Syria has also contacted- via Skype-Mr. Amjad Alabbar, the relations manager and the anesthesia technician at the medical point of Daryya , who had treated the injured himself. He restated the injured testimonies about what happened, in addition to his own observations of their health status. Amjad says:

Fourteen FSA members have been directly exposed to chemical gases when a bomb hit the building (on the Factory Road east of Darayya ) inside which they had fortified, which led to the immediate death of one of them. Thus, they had to withdraw at once to receive medical treatment. And when they got to the medical point, they had been suffering the following:

  1. Difficulty in Breathing
  2. Cramps
  3. Saliva excess
  4. Abdominal spasms and pain
  5. Hallucinations (at the early hours of the injury)
  6. Diarrhea (in some cases)
  7. Loss of Consciousness
  8. Myosis (Pinpoint iris)
  9. Rhinorrhea

All injured have been treated -as soon as they got to the medical point- with Atropine, Dixon, bronchodilators, sprays and tranquilizers. Three cases have not responded to the medical treatment and died five hours later. As a result, four out of the fourteen injured were martyred, while the remaining injured are now being treated with small dosages of Atropine.

End of Testimony
Amjad Alabbar has confirmed to VDC that the gas used in this attack is Sarin gas for the injured had the same symptoms witnessed on 25-4-2013 when Daryya was shelled with two rockets loaded with chemical weapons. Moreover, the injured who were transferred from Mou'adamieh city on 21-8-2013 and whom he had treated had the same symptoms mentioned. He also added that samples have been directly taken from the injured and called upon the International Commission of Inquiry to go to Daryya city to examine them and verify the nature of the gas used.

Picture (1) of the pinpoint iris and the red eyes of an injured in the medical point in Darayya 14-1-2014

Picture (2) of the pinpoint iris and the red eyes of an injured in the medical point in Darayya 14-1-2014

 

The above mentioned testimonies, pictures and videos from the medical point strongly indicate that the Syrian regime forces are using chemical weapons in the Syrian armed conflict, which,  if proven by the Commission of Inquiry, can be considered a War Crime, a violation of  The 1925 Geneva Protocol that prohibits the use of chemical and biological weapons in war, and a breach of the Syrian regime obligations to the Chemical Weapons Convention which it has recently joined and which provides for:

Article I

1. Each State Party to this Convention undertakes never under any circumstances:

 (b) To use chemical weapons;

Whereas VDC team cannot have access personally and directly to document evidences, it guarantees the credibility and professionalism of the medical staff in Darayya. It also calls upon the following international bodies to: 

First: International Commission of Inquiry on Syria Chemical Weapons headed by Prof.AkeSellstrom

To head directly to the targeted area to gather samples of the location and the injured who are still having medical care

 Second: Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

To open an immediate investigation into this attack and consider the possibility of a breach of the Member States of their obligations.

Third: Security Council

To hold an immediate meeting to issue a resolution to force the Syrian regime allow the Special Commission of Inquiry on Chemical Weapons to enter the city of Daryya in Damascus and open an immediate investigation, and stop the shelling and air strikes on the city in order not to obliterate or destroy evidence in the targeted area.


* A picture of one of the injured on a breathing apparatus ( Darayya Medical Point - Damascus) 01/14/2013

Violation Documentation Center in Syria 16 Jan 2014



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