Special Reports  ::   Five Detainees Escape from Air Force Intelligence Branch in Harasta

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Download the report in PDF


Press Statement

Escaping Hell

More than 400 Detainees at Risk of Death in a Secret Detention in Syria

Violation Documentation Center in Syria  -  September 2013


     VDC said in a report issued today entitled "Escaping Hell" that the Syrian regime forces, along with members of the Forth Military Brigade have been carrying out many extrajudicial killings against the detainees in the Air Force Intelligence Branch in Harasta. The report also pointed out that there are more than 400 detainees at risk of death penalty, respectively; all of them were detained by the above mentioned branch as they are  being killed in cold blood after there are being exploited  in digging trenches and barricades to protect the soldiers in the vicinity of the branch.

     "Escaping hell", the thirty-page report is based on the testimonies of five former detainees in the same branch, who managed to escape on 02.07.2013 while carrying out excavation work "hard labor". Detailed interviews have been conducted with all the witnesses, firstly, on the tragic conditions the detainees are living in the branch, and secondly, on the extrajudicial killings that have been witnessed in the branch recently. The witnesses are: Ahmad Saber Hamada (27 years old), Lo'ay Kamal Bakour (25 years old),  Fawaz Ibraheem Badran (23 years old), Hassan Nasrallah (25 years old), and Mouafak Jandali ( 25 years old)


     The Lawyer Razan Zaytouna, who has visited the witnesses accompanied by VDC Field Monitoring Team, says:" There are more than four hundred detainees are different in age and period of   the arrest, are waiting death by firing squad without a sense of guilt or responsibility , and all of them who have been held for more than a year".


     Figures and statistics show that hundreds of thousands of Syrian citizens have been subjected to arbitrary arrest by members the Syrian regime's intelligence. Moreover, many of the reports

and testimonies of former detainees show that they have all been subjected to severe physical and psychological torture resulting in hundreds of cases to death. VDC managed to document the death of more than three thousand prisoners in the cells of the Syrian Intelligence since the revolution began in March 2011


     The witnesses mentioned the names of the five victims who have been killed in the branch recently. They are: Abdulmoueen Shalit, Abu Kasem Naddaf, Wael SaraqbiMohammed Khatib and Ghassan Ballur. The witnesses –in their testimonies- confirmed stressed the brutal acts such as beating and torturing that have been carried out against the detainees, especially during interrogation, which in some cases lasted for months .they also mentioned the deteriorated health condition in the Branch that caused serious skin diseases to all the detainees, who have been also suffering a malnutrition till they got the "Starvation disease"


The witness Ahmad Hamadeh says describing the torture during interrogation:


      In the interrogation room there was 'Bisat Al Reeh' (a way of torturing prisoners by laying them down, tying their feet and whipping them severely and continuously) and 'Dulab' (the car tire). When they put me in the 'Dulab', they beat me like 50 times with a hard green stick. In one occasion, they put me in the 'Dulab' for 16 hours and beat me 400 times and they electrified me in the genitals. The interrogator always electrified our bodies with a charged electric stick; till our burned skin smelled. In another occasion, I was hanged in the bathroom for five day in a row; it's a very dirty place where the insects walk on our bodies and we can do nothing about it.


     The health conditions of the detainees are all tragic. They get no health care at all. On the contrary, the "Devil's Doctors" -as described in the report- contributed to the beatings and torturing, similar to other agents in that security branch. The detainee Hassan Nasrallah says describing the first moments following the severe torture he was exposed when he was being examined by the two doctors in the Branch:



      I thought that the doctors would help me. One of the doctors asked me" who did this (torture and beating) to you?" I told him "the shabeeha outside" so he beat me by a huge stick. The second doctor wiped the blood on my back and gave me a pill that might be a pain killer."


An Image showing traces of torture on the body of the former detainee Hassan Nasralla

    Due to the lack of health care, many diseases have spread among the detainees, especially the chronic skin diseases. The detainees have named one of those diseases as "fish scales". The detainee Ahmad says about this says strange disease that even detained doctors could not diagnose:


     The 'Fish Scales' forces the detainee to constantly rub inflicted parts till they bleed. When the blood dries, it leaves a carbuncle full of pus, blood, and germs with 1 or 2cm thickness to the degree that the detainee can't move. With time passing, these carbuncles dried up and get very hard and start 'eating' the skin to take the shape of fish scales.


      While asking and interviewing the five detainees, they all reported that field executions are committed in the branch when a number of detainees are taken to a nearby place to dig trenches and barricades for the regime's forces to protect them from the attacks of the revolutionary fighting battalions, and when the detainee is      fatigue and can no longer work, a lieutenant colonel named "Ma'en", known as " the father of death" comes and carries out the execution.

In the same context, Fawaz Badran says:


      When they brought Mouhamad Khair Naddaf and Abdulmueen Al Shalit from Doma, Abdulmueen was in a very difficult condition; his body was bluish out of disease and torture. He was about to die. At the barrier, he lived only for six hours, during these hours he was exposed to most horrible torture methods. I believe that no one was ever exposed to such torture like burning his body by inflamed nylon and writing the name of the tyrant Bashar Al Assad on his chest with gunpowder and "fire it up", in addition to pouring hot water on his body. They asked him to blaspheme and insult God, but he refused and passed away after that...


      After that, the five detainees managed to escape the excavation location in the dark in a dream-like journey after they had broken their chain, and arrived to the Eastern Gouta surviving the death by fire shots.

     Razan Zaytouna, the General Coordinator in VDC is calling on the transfer of the Syrian file to the International Criminal Court describing the crimes committed by the forces of the Syrian regime as "extremely brutal and horrific". She is also appealing to the international organization to intervene immediately to save the lives of all the detainees in the Air Force Intelligence Branch and other secret prisons and detention centers in Syria.

*To view the full report, together with the detailed testimonies, please visit the following link:


Video report of the five detainees testimony


Violations Documentations Center in Syria

September 2013

Escaping Hell

Five Detainees Escape from Air Force Intelligence Branch in Harasta

More than 400 Detainees at Risk of Death Successively

Violation Documentation Center in Syria

September 2013




             On Tuesday, the 27th of Ramadan corresponding to 07/02/2013, five detainees managed to escape the Air Force Intelligence Branch in Harasta in a surrealistic way that even the five detainees themselves do not believe they are still alive after all the horrors they went through since their arrest until the moment they arrived to the safe liberated areas of Eastern Gouta.

     VDC team conducted live interviews with the five detainees. This report narrates their detailed story since their arrest until the moment of their escape, and all the atrocities and horrors they witnessed in the Air Force Branch in Harasta, which surpass, in brutality, every imagination.

     Through this report, we urgently demand all concerned human rights organizations and international bodies, especially the ICRC, to immediately intervene to save the lives of hundreds of detainees at risk of death, as had happened to the five detainees' inmates, before it is too late.


1-Ahmad saber hamadeh

Born in Damascus Suburbs, 1986. Unmarried. A Freelancer.

     Ahmad was one of the first demonstrators in the revolution, later he joined, the early formations of the Free Army in his region, which was founded at that time to protect demonstrations, and which had only a few members then.  Ahmad was arrested on 8-7 -2012 in "AlEftrees", Damascus Suburbs, in an ambush set by the regime's army. Following his arrest, Ahmad was transfer to one of the military brigades nearby where he was tortured and beaten brutally by soldiers of the regime until the second day at noon when a vehicle of "Air Force Intelligence" in Harasta came and took him the mentioned branch.


2- Louay Kamal Ballur:

Born in Kafr Batna, Damascus 1988, a plumber, unmarried.
     He used to go out in peaceful demonstrations. On the morning of 6-2-2012, Louay got arrested at his farm in Kafr Batna, Damascus Suburbs, in a raid campaign and was accused of harboring armed men in his farm.


3-Fawaz Ibrahim Badran:

Born in Kafar Batna, Damascus Suburbs 1990, unmarried, a worker.

     In the revolution, he was called "the spray man" for he was spraying the walls with revolutionary slogans. His house has been raided more than 15 times by the regime forces over one year, before he got arrested on March2012 while working in a building near the Trade Market in Kafar Batna after an informer "Awayni" set him up.


4- Hassan Nasrallah:
     Born in Irbin, Damascus Suburbs, 25 years old, unmarried, he works in a sweets shop.
     Nasrallah was among the most wanted by the regime forces, as he was one of the first armed men against the regime in his hometown, he also participated, prior to his arrest, in the negotiations regarding the exchange of a lieutenant colonel from "Marj Al Sultan Airport" for three detainees of the rebels.
     Hassan was arrested on 26-5-2011 by lieutenant colonel "Ma'an" known as "the father of death", through an ambush set by the regime forces in "Alsaroot Alley" in Irbin. Once he was arrested, Nasrallah was severely beaten, tortured and burned by "kerosene", and then transferred to the headquarter of Irbeen where he was "crucified" on a troop carrier. After that, security agents burned him by a hot skewer before transferring him to the Air Force Branch in Harasta. There he was "greeted" by Colonel Mohammed Rakhmon and about 400 agents in the yard and beat and stepped on by their boots. Then they picked off his beard, and took him to interrogation at a room three meters under the ground.

5-Mouafaq Jandaly: Born in Irbin, Damascus Suburbs 1988, unmarried, a metalworker.
     He was arrested on 26/03/2012 when his house was raided by members of the Air Force Intelligence as they searched the house and found a weapon. Consequently, they started beating and torturing him in front of his family before taking him to the branch.



Air Force Intelligence in Harasta


A Satellite Image Showing the Location of Air Force Intelligence Branch in Harasta


     The Air Force Intelligence Branch in Harasta is a subordinate of the Department of the Air Forces Intelligence, which is considered among the most brutal Syrian regime's security systems as it enjoys wide-ranging powers that transgress all citizens reaching the high ranks within the regime itself. Nominally, it follows the Ministry of Defense, but practically it is considered a self-contained body; a "state within a state". It is current Commander is Major General "Jameel Hassan". It is in the so-called "Air Force Command" in Umayyad Square, which is the headquarter of the air forces intelligence in Syria, while the Investigation Branch is in Mezzeh Military Airport. This branch has many secret places of detention within the Fourth Brigade of the Syrian army, especially the Paratrooper Division 555 in Sumeria, Damascus.


     As the Syrian revolution started, the Air Force Intelligence Branch in Harasta became one of the worst notorious security branches due to the unprecedented brutal torture, which detainees including women prisons were subjected to in this branch.

     In the mentioned branch, there are about 400 detainees;  old detainees who have been detained for over a year on charges of "arms", while most of the detainees who were arrested recently are charged differently by "food " and " oil" procurement to Gouta. Those with "weapon possession" charges were being moved to the Air Force intelligence Branch in Mezzeh Military Airport.

*The internal Parts of the Air Force Intelligence Branch:

Collective Detention "Five Collective Cells"

     The Air Force Intelligence Branch in Harasta has Five "Collective cells", one of which is the "Breathing Collective Cell".
     The five cells are  rooms underground "vaults" with a 3 * 4 m average space, where they put three to four times the number it can accommodate in very bad sanitary conditions. Jailers have set up a "bodybuilding gym" at the door of the cells, and when they want to train, they get several detainees out to be tortured and insulted.

1-The 1st Collective Cell:

     It is the largest (4 * 4 m) that can accommodate about twenty people but had about sixty detainees.
      The detainee "Fawaz Badran" says about this collective cell:" about 200 days after detention at the" cage V "of the "solitary cells", they transferred me to "the first collective cell" where I remained for five months. There were widespread skin diseases such as infections, pus and carbuncles. The Ceiling was leaking dirty water "drain water" and the patients did not get more than a single antibiotic pill, even if they were dying"

2-The 2nd Collective Cell: the cell of hell and suicide attempts

     It is a special collective cell for those charged of "arms". It is 3 * 3 m; it can accommodate about 30-35 people, but had about 90-120 detainees. The only available light was a very dim red light. There was also one air opening; a "turbine" which jailers used to turn off as an additional punishment for the detainees.

After Ahmed Hamada was received in the Air Force Branch by extreme beatings and torturing, he was transferred to the 2nd collective cell:
Ahmed says: "We were about 117 detainees in the 2nd collective cell. Every five


     people sat for a break while the rest had to remain standing. The only Breathing opening was the "turbine", which they used to turn it off whenever they heard a voice from the cell. On the first day of Ramadan 2012 i.e. in the first half of July, we staged an (esti'saa) that is we refrained from eating anything at all, believing that to be dead is better than that life we were having. Thus we started knocking on the door until assistants came and took about forty people-including me- to another collective cell"

The former detainee Fawaz Badran tells his story about the collective cell:

When I got to the branch, they started beating me and put me in the 2nd collective cell of gunmen, where there were 107 detainees. It is one of the most frustrating collectives where many of the detainees thought of or attempted to commit suicide because of the horror circumstances there. One of the detainees from Zamalka named "Abu Yasser," tried to hang himself, yet the jailers found out, beat him and then send him to the solitary confinement. Suicide was forbidden because they wanted to keep the detainees only for executions.


     They cut off water and electricity, not to mention the spread of disease. None was allowed to produce any sound; not even to whisper, and all the prisoners spent their days standing on their feet.
     Once the Brigadier "Mohammed Rahmon" visited us and asked us if "we needed anything"!! Of course we did not dare to say anything for fear of assistants and interrogators. He promised us that food will be better, however, it became less and worse than before his visit.

3-The 3rd Collective cell:

     The 3rd collective cell, is 3 * 3 m, where about 90 prisoners are put together. According to the former detainee Fawaz Badran, who was detained there for some time, skin diseases spread there such as "carbuncles" and ulcers that discharge "pus" continuously. Badran also adds:

     "You Sleep and when you wake up you find that "a huge carbuncle" filled with pus appeared somewhere on your body, and your skin looked like it was burned. The meals are offered once a day, and they consisted of a loaf of bread, sometimes two, and in very rare occasions three, and a little bulgur was all we had all the day. "

4-The 4th Collective Cell:

     It is ​​3 * 3 m, in which the number of detainees is about 90, that is "the 2nd, the 3rd and the 4th collective cells have the same space, which is different from the 1st cell's and the breathing cell's. Hassan Nasrallah says about the situation in this cell:
 "some of the detainees suffered some chronic diseases, the death rate increased so much that


      about four sick detainees died every week or ten days, while others died during the interrogation due to the severity of torture carried out by ruthless interrogators. Moreover, 8 people suffocated to death in one night after 80 new detainees were brought in from ​​Jobar that made the cell overcrowded. When we asked for medication for the elderly or sick people, the jailers
refrained and told us that when they die they would take them out.  There were also some children between 13-15 years who had confessed the charges of obtaining arms under severe torture. "

5-The 5th Collective Cell: known as "the breathing collective cell", it is under the ground with an opening at the top.

     It is a relatively big cell, yet very crowded. It is about 96 m3 i.e. 5 * 19 m, which can accommodate about a hundred people, but they put about 300 detainees in it, and lately it had 340 detainees. In the "Breathing Cell", we defected in a 30cm wide*30cm depth watercourse passes through the cell.
     Ahmed Hamada says: "In the breathing cell, we defected "in public" in that watercourse.  Someone ate here and the other eliminated there ........." stables are better places to live than the Breathing Cell."


Hassan Nasrallah says:

     "The situation was very bad in the Breathing Cell. Winter was pretty cold and we were forced to stay with no clothes. We all fell ill, and due to poor hygienic conditions, we had skin sores and abscesses to the degree that when we got up, pieces of our skin remained stick to the ground"


Solitary Confinement 'Five Solitary Cells'

       In Harsta's Air Force Branch, there are five "cages" as they were called; each cage has four "solitary cells",​​each has the average space of 150 * 200 cm. The total number is 20 solitary cells where about 12 detainees are imprisoned, one of which can sit down while the rest remain standing. Those cells are extremely dirty as lice and insects are everywhere.

The former detainee Louay Ballur says:

"I spent four months in a solitary cell which is 1.5*0.8 cm space where between ten and twelve detainees were held. Going to the toilet was allowed only twice in the morning and once at midnight, and we had to use the bathroom in three counts (3,2,1), otherwise, we were beaten, not to mention the spread of diseases and the bloated feet due to the long hours of


standing, in addition to skin diseases and some other diseases that no one have heard of before, and scabies and heat. "

The former detainee Fawaz Badran has remained for about two hundred days in (cage v) of the solitary cells, it was about 1.5*0.8 cm space, in which 11 to 12 people were imprisoned, only one of them can sit down for a break while the rest should stay standing.

Medication: The Devil's Doctors

     All testimonies show the brutality acts of the "doctors" in the branch and in the hospitals to which some detainees might be transferred in very serious cases. It seems clear that leaving the detainees to suffer diseases is completely systematic and deliberate practices, as the detainees did not have any kind of treatment no matter how much their condition worsened.

     Ahmed Hamadeh says: "We bought every" antibiotic pill "by five loaves of bread; that is we had to stay for several days without food to get a single pill."

     Hassan Nasrallah says that as soon as he arrived to the interrogation room, after his arrest, 15 interrogators and two doctors were waiting for him. "I thought that the doctors would help me. One of the doctors asked me" who did this (torture and beating) to you?" I told him "the shabeeha outside" so he beat me by a huge stick. The second doctor wiped the blood on my back and gave me a pill that might be a pain killer."

Images showing traces of torture on the body of the former detainee Hassan Nasrallah-






Fawaz Badran adds:

     "During the interrogation and torture, doctors stood at our heads, and when we were nearing death they stopped the torture. Doctors there are culprits. If a sick detainee requested an antibiotic pill, the doctor beat him twenty to fifty times by "a Burieh", an iron stick-like piece saying: "you should be treated by sticks"

A Hospital Specialized in Torture!

Ahmad Hamadeh Says:

     One time, they hanged me for five days in a row, and kept beating me till I fainted. They thought I was dead and brought me the doctor, as the other detainees told me later. When the doctor checked me he said "we might be able to save him if we took him to the hospital now". They brought a car and took me there. Taking me to the hospital was the worst; I hope that they had left me in the branch insteadd.


     The hospital is a room filled with sick detainees tied to their beds. I think it was Harasta Military Hospital. Doctors received us with beating. There was no medical treatment but the beating and pouring cold water on our inflamed wounds. We were fifteen detainees blindfolded and tied to our beds with Iron chains. They gave us one 'Antibiotic' pill each, in addition to tens of beatings every day. I stayed there for ten days before I told the doctor that I got well, so he transferred me back to the branch.


Illnesses and Infections 'Fish Scales'

     Ahmad Hamadeh says: "Many diseases spread in the branch, some of which are unknown diseases that even the doctor detainees had not heard of them before. One of the reasons behind those diseases was that they didn't allow any showers at all. The only access of water is in the toilets were the water is polluted, in addition to the lack of food and space. Such diseases spread among old detainees mostly; the new ones had stronger bodies and could resist."

     One of the most prevailing diseases is mange in its 'developed stages' in addition to many other skin diseases, one of which was 'Fish Scales' as the detainees named it.

Ahmad Hamadeh says:

          The 'Fish Scales' forces the detainee to constantly rub inflicted parts till they bleed. When the blood dries, it leaves a carbuncle full of pus, blood, and germs with 1 or 2cm thickness to the degree that the detainee can't move. With time passing, these carbuncles dried up and get very hard and start 'eating' the skin to take the shape of fish scales.


Ahmad tried to treat himself in unexpected way, he says:


        When I reached an unbearable stage, and couldn't tolerate the smell of the skin, I decided to treat myself. I asked my cellmate to grow up his fingernails. When he was ready, I waited till one o'clock. It was snowing and the water was freezing. I took off my pants and put a piece of fabric in my mouth. My cellmate started pulling off centimeters of the dead skin. The wounds started to bleed. I couldn't resist and started shouting out of pain; the guards took me and put me on the 'Dulab'(a car tire in which the detainee is put while beating him).



Food: Starvation Disease!

All the former detainees in Air Force Branch in Harasta agreed that the food provided was barely enough to keep the detainees alive

Ahmad Hamadeh says: "we were inflicted by 'starvation disease'; no matter what we ate we couldn't have enough!"

     One of the detainees, who is a military pilot officer, used to gather the peels of potatoes, when they provided 2 potatoes for each 15 detainees, and eat them!. The same was for egg peels. Every four months they provided one gram of 'Halva' which I used to exchange for a loaf of bread. I, also, exchanged half a loaf of bread for three musty loafs (covered with white and green rot). They tasted so bad that it took me three hours to eat them.


     Ahmed relates a 'joke' when he was transferred to the 'collective cell' with new detainees: "New detainees don't eat at all because of their (psychological state), so I asked one of them for some bread. He gave me all the loaves he had. I ate 12 loaves of bread and he was astonished. I explained to him the 'starvation disease' in the cells. After a while, I told him that I'm still hungry, so he freaked out and started knocking the door of the cell asking for the guards. When they came he told them that there is 'weird guy' in the cell and he asked them to transfer me. They put in the 'Dulab' and beat me because I ate my cellmate's share.

     He continues "the starvation disease is the hardest torture, because when a person gets hungry, he approves anything in exchange for food. Some detainees have become like skeletons; their bones are showing. There is a real famine in the branch"

Extract Confessions by Torture: "Reverse Hanging" "Burning with Nylon" "Harming the Gentiles

     There is a wide spectrum of torturing methods in this branch from the traditional ones like beating with sticks, burning with lighters, and the 'Dulab', to the 'invented' ones which aim at hurting the detainee physically and psychologically like burning with inflamed nylon and gunpowder and torturing in 'genitals', among others.

The former detainee Ahmad Hamadeh says:

     On the 10th of Ramadan 2012, they stared the interrogation which lasted for 45 days during which I was exposed to all kinds of beatings and insulting of 'honour'. They dragged us to interrogation like animals with our eyes blindfolded. In each interrogation session, they dragged me up three stairs where I fell many time with a nonstop whipping the whole way.


      In the interrogation room there was 'Bisat Al Reeh' (a way of torturing prisoners by laying them down, tying their feet and whipping them severely and continuously) and 'Dulab' (the car tire).

     When they put me in the 'Dulab', they beat me like 50 times with a hard green stick. In one occasion, they put me in the 'Dulab' for 16 hours and beat me 400 times and they electrified me in the genitals. The interrogator always electrified our bodies with a charged electric stick; till our burned skin smelled.

      In another occasion, I was hanged in the bathroom for five day in a row; it's a very dirty place where the insects walk on our bodies and we can do nothing about it.


      One other torturing method Ahmad was exposed to was burning by inflamed nylon drops which was a true torture. Officer Ahmad Al Hasan did that method, In addition to 'Dulab' where they beat us with thick plastic sticks and a green 'cable' on the 'shin area'. There was also the 'Reverse Hanging' where the detainee is hanged with his hands and legs backwards. The detainee immediately confesses whatever the interrogator wants, as no one can tolerate minutes of such torture. The detainee, after that, suffers from 'disjointed shoulders' and can't move his hands for a while out of pain.


Drawing of the 'Reverse Hanging' an                             Drawing of the 'Dulab'

 invented method by some of Al Mazza officers                                         


One of the most horrible methods was torturing in the genitals. Ahmad says:

       They brought a sack of water (2 to 3 kg) and hang it in the 'penis' of the detainee and keep electrifying him in the same place till he confessed. I think many of the detainees have lost their ability to have children because of such practices. I don't know if there is any more methods like that, as we didn't talk to each other about such  horrible issues.


     Detainees also spoke about some interrogators who were more brutal than others in terms of treating them:

      One of the most brutal officers is Ahmad Al Hasan. We always advised the detainees to confess immediately that he, his mother and his sisters had all carried weapons against the government. There was no need to quarrel with him at all; he was so brutal that many detainees were killed between his hands. He is short (160 cm) with curly hair.

     The other brutal one was Tha'er, the officer that is used by Captain Basil during interrogation. He used to torture detainees inside the cells too.


About his torturing experience in this branch, Loay Ballur says:

       The moment I arrived to the branch, they started beating me; they wanted me to confess bout 'armed guys'. I had to confess that I 'carried arms' just to stop the torture. For three day in a row, they hanged me 50 cm above the floor with no water or food. When they brought me down, they started beating me. The officer in charge was Ahmad Al Hasan, who was beating me with an iron stick on the head, the back, and the belly. He, also, burned me with a lighter in many parts of the body and poured hot water on me till I fainted. They woke me up by electrifying me all over my body including the genitals. That was after taking off all my clothes. Among those who participated in torturing were Captain Basil and Officer Abu Al Majd.


       I was about to die when the doctor cured my back. As soon as I got better, I was interrogated again. They put me on 'Bisat Al Reeh' till I couldn't tolerate more; I told the interrogator that I'm ready to confess everything he wanted, and that's when I confessed that I killed  'the soldiers'  and did everything!.



Regarding his torturing experience and the confessions of things he didn't do, former detainee Fawaz Badran says:

        After 40 days of my detention, they called me for interrogation. Officer Hayan, the interrogator, knows every single detail about me, still he wanted me to confess that I hold weapons. After beating me, they finalized my Statement and sent me back to the cell. Seventy One days later, they asked me to prepare myself for the release.

       I arrived to the interrogator's room thinking they will release me. I was surprised when the interrogator asked the guards to tie and blindfold me and he started the interrogation right from the beginning using electric stick and the 'Dulab'; they beat me like 300 time with an iron stick till I told him that I will confess anything he wants. I confessed of owning a rifle (Bomb-Action) just like he wanted, still he wasn't convinced; they took me to the 'Puncher' which is two iron sticks by which they punch the leg of the detainee causing an unimaginable pain. This method is accompanied with electrifying and beating. They kept doing this till I said I'm ready to confess, so I admitted of possessing a 'Rusia' (Russian rifle) although I've never own a weapon and the interrogator knows that I'm 'Al Bakhakh' (the Spray Guy who writes Freedom slogans on the walls)

The former detainee Moafaq Jandali says:

            They tortured us by 'Dulab' with an iron stick between the legs and push them together then start beating 150, 200 and in some cases, 300  times, in addition to electrifying and pouring boiling water. They, also, burned us with live coal of the 'water pipe' and cigarettes.

            They asked me for names; I knew what would happen to my friend if I revealed their names. I had to stay silent, but to make them stop, I gave them the names of the 'exposed activists'; the ones that they already knew. They wanted, however, new ones.

            I was hanged many times, the least of which was three days where they hang my hands reversely and beat my legs with a plastic pipe. They, also, threw their leftover food on me. They put us in the bathroom (80*90 cm.), and poured boiling water on us. Because of starvation, torturing and tiredness, I started to hallucinate.


The beating was all over our bodies; all body parts are permissible. My torturing session lasted for three or four hours and was repeated weekly.


      After four months of torture, I told them that the gun that was found in my house is mine although I knew that they put it there during the inspection. That was after 100 beatings and electrifying; we counted the beatings as the interrogator wanted. The beating that is not counted will be repeated until the interrogator hears it clearly.

      To make them stop, I decided to confess more than they want. I asked the interrogator to promise me to stop the torture if I confessed, but he refused. I was fasting, and I asked him to put me out of the tire; he refused too. I kept asking to get me out of the tire till he approved. After my 'confession', the interrogator was so happy; I added that I have participated in making barriers in the city of Irbin not to allow the army to enter it and that there were no clashes between us and the security forces.  They transferred me, then, to "the 2nd collective cell'.

Women Detained with Their Children in Harasta's Air Force Branch

Many interviewed witnesses confirmed the fact that there are female detainees in Air Force Branch in Harasta. Regarding this issue, Fawaz Badran says:

      I want to confirm that there is no difference between torturing men and torturing women in this branch; they are put in solitary cells', one of them called 'Om Qamar' (later on, she was released ) was in charge of the rest women; she was asked to dress female detainees with pants before putting them in the 'Dulab' for interrogation, while they were wearing their Hijabs.

       Women were put in the 'First Cage' which consists of 4 solitary cell; six or seven female detainees were put in each. There were children of some women too. When a 'car bomb' blew up the branch, there were a lot of women in the branch. They started screaming and crying till the guards came and beat them cruelly. Most of the women were mothers of 'wanted activists' and they were detained to force their sons to turn themselves in. During interrogation, they covered the women's eyes and they are tortured by the 'Dulab', electricity and all the other methods. In their way to the toilet, they were exposed to insults and we always heard them screaming during interrogation.

      Om Qamar and her daughters were detained for eight months. Another woman was named Roqaia from the city of Deir Ezzor whose charge was 'enticing'. I used to see them while I was working (corvee) in the branch. There were elderly women too. Female detainees suffer very bad conditions including the lack of clothes, food and medicine.



Hard Labor

       Recently, Air Forces Intelligence Branch started a new method of torturing the old detainees, by harnessing them in hard labor like trenching and building military sites with all kinds of abuses and torturing. The moment a detainee loses the power to work, he will be executed after torturing him.

Moufak Jandali says:

     On the 19th of Ramadan, (26 July 2013), they took me out of the cell to some office where someone asked me to kiss his hand. When I did, he caught my throat for one minute then he looked at the others and said "he has a deep breath". He told me that they would take me in a ten-day mission to 'dig in the rocks' at the Air Force Barrier. He asked me "will you be cooperative son?" I said "yes, I will". They took my signature and fingerprint on some papers; I didn't know that I was signing my sentence papers.


      In our way there, they burned our hands and faces with lighters, and they told us that Bashar is God and the officers are the prophets and that the work is the worship. They added that I should work ceaselessly not to think of escaping.

Ahmad Hamadeh says:

      I had to invent a needle out of a thick stripe by polishing it up against the wall. By this needle I wanted to help the other detainees to stitch their torn up clothes. However, someone (a fink) told them about me; I was taken and beaten by fifteen security agents then they transferred me to a 'solitary cell' and wrote my name in red, which means I would be executed on a charge of planning to" blow up" the branch with a needle!.

      At 1:00 am they called my name along with Wael Saraqbi, Ghassan Ballur, Mohamamed Khatib, and Fawaz Badran. They tied us all with an iron chain. A bearded officer (lieutenant colonel) Ma'en or as they call him ' the father of death' came to us and said "how are the guys". "Thank God" we replied. He said "I would like to introduce myself; I am Death or you can say God himself, I will take you to the 'other life' but as I'm God, I will postpone this couple of days".

     We got in a car (brand Suzuki) and went to the Southern Highway where there was a bridge and a tunnel. It was the 13th or the 14th of Ramadan. The site was like 500 to 1000 m away from the branch and it was a defensive point to protect the Air Force Branch, run by a lieutenant colonel at the Forth Brigade.



     At the site, there were about 60 soldiers, two captains, a lieutenant and the lieutenant colonel 'the father of death'. They have built rooms for the soldier in the tunnel that leads to Irbin. We arrived at 2:00 am when the soldiers there started beating us with sticks, truncheons, and iron chains. In addition to burning us with hot water and inflamed nylon till early morning when they took us to dig a trench with 180 cm height to protect the soldiers from snipers.


      They, also, asked us to pull out the big black stones of the sidewalk. The stone weights around 115 kg and they used them for protection. We were, already, exhausted and they forced us to carry such heavy weights. We could, however, carry the stone out of the 'instinct of survival' and to avoid any more torture. We carried them up to the bridge and filled many sacks of sands for protection too. There was no sleeping and to drink water, we had to kiss The Father of Death's shoes so he decided if we could drink or not. All the soldiers, there, had a 'green light' to torture us.


The former detainee Loay Ballur speaks about his experience with hard labor:

     I had been in the "Collective Cell" for 13 months when the guards came and took me to 'The Father of Death'. He asked me to kiss his hand then he told me that I had to go to work and that if I didn't work hard, I would be executed immediately. They covered my head and put me in a car (Suzuki), till we got to the site, they kept beating and 'electrifying' me. They, also, poured hot water on my body.


     The Father of Death kept telling his soldiers "beat him, beat him, and take your revenge". When we arrived to the barrier, he told the soldier " I brought you someone to have fun with!", so they started beating me till I was about to die then The Father of Death asked them to stop as ' I should have some strength to work'.


      Later, I met my mates: Fawaz Badran, and Abou Kasim Naddaf from Zamalka. They told me that three detainees had been executed in the site. They gave us the 'digging tools' after tying us with one iron chain. They told us that we are 'armed groups' and they would kill us upon the arrival of Eid. as other detainees. During the break, which was three hours only, they hit us with stones and burned us with hot water and inflamed nylon sacks.



                        Cold-Blooded Executions

The execution of Saraqibi and Ballur

Ahmad hamadeh says:

     In the second day of excavation, one of the detainees (Ghassan Ballur, around 40 years old) who had been detained for 18 months then got tired. I have to mention that according to a law issued by lieutenant colonel Ma'en 'The Father of Death',  any detainee gets tired will be killed. One other detainee (Wael Saraqibi), also, got tired and they asked for a 15 minutes break. Lieutenant colonel 'Ma'en' answered "do you want to relax? Ok I will give you the permission ". He unchained them from the rest and took them to the 'other side' and left the others including me chained

     Two hours later, he came back and said "your friends have gone by snipers". But we didn't believe him until the evening when they asked us to come to pick up the 'carrions'. They took us then to a place covered with a big piece of fabric (the one that is used for making tents) and they asked us to dig tombs to bury them. During digging, we faced a hard stone. Lieutenant colonel 'Ma'en' asked us to stop and called the 'branch' and informed them that two detainees had passed away. The answer, simply, was "bring them and we'll give you other two ones". When we lift up the ' big piece of fabric', we were surprised by the two bodies of Ghassan Ballour and Wael Saraqibi. We picked up the bodies to the trunk of the car and they took them to the branch. Mouhamad Al Khatib, Fawaz Badran and I stayed at the barrier.

Fawaz Badran says:

      While we were digging, the lieutenant colonel Ma'en went to the branch for an hour. When he came back, he found us taking a break. He asked us to grovel and started, with the help of some agents, to beat us brutally. Ballur, around 40 years old, couldn’t continue digging as his head started to bleed. The blood was all over our clothes, as we were tied with one chain. They unchained Ghassan Ballour and Wael Saraqibi and asked them to work near us. I heard lieutenant colonel Ma'en talking to the snipers and he asked them to shoot both of them. I thought he was joking until I saw Ghassan's head blown up, yet the lieutenant colonel approached him and shot him. This was in the morning; the bodies were left there till the evening when they asked us to bury them, they called asking to bring them to the branch. We picked them up and took them to the trunk of the car (Suzuki). While moving them, I noticed that they got solidified and started to stink as they were left under the sun for the whole day. While carrying the bodies, they were beating us too.



The Execution of Shalit, Naddaf, and Al Khatib:

Fawaz Badran says:

     They took the two martyrs: Ghassan Ballour and Wael Saraqibi and send two detainees instead; Abu Kasim Naddaf from Zamalka and Abdulmueen Al Shalit from Doma. When get off the car, they started beating them, we could hear them screaming. Out of torture, they weren't able to dig any more. They brought Abdulmueen and wrote the name of Bashar Al Assad with gun powder on his chest and set it on fire. They also set nylon bags on fire and burned his body with the falling inflamed drops. They hit on his neck with a stick too.

              For five days in a row, they continued torturing Abu Kasim Naddaf who was unable to dig due to the severity of torture. When the lieutenant colonel The Father of Death returned from his vacation, they took Al Naddaf aside and executed him with a bullet in the head.

     They also wanted to execute Al Khatib. When they called out his name, he knew he's going to die so he bid us farewell and asked us to read 'Alfateha' to his soul. When we carried his body, we knew that they tortured him before they killed him as we found many bullets in his hands, legs and head.

Ahmad Hamadeh adds;

When they brought Mouhamad Khair Naddaf (Abu Kasim) and Abdulmueen Al Shalit from Doma, Abdulmueen was in a very difficult condition; his body was bluish out of disease and torture. He was about to die. At the barrier, he lived only for six hours, during these hours he was exposed to most horrible torture methods. I believe that no one was ever exposed to such torture like burning his body by inflamed nylon and writing the name of the tyrant Bashar Al Assad on his chest with gunpowder and fire it up,in addition to pouring hot water on his body. They asked him to blaspheme and insult God, but he refused and passed away after that. Seeing what happened to our mates, we knew that all of us would face the same end.

The lieutenant colonel then called the 'Branch' and informed them that a new detainee had passed away and that he wanted a detainee instead. We carried the body of Abdulmueen to the car to be taken to the 'Branch'. The new detainee was 'Loay Ballur' from Kafer Batna, Damascus Suburbs. During this time, Mouhamed Khair Naddaf had lost his power to move or work, especially after torturing and killing his friend Abdulmueen. They took him to the 'torture place' where he was tortured for two days in a row.

The torturing was so horrible that we wanted to cry, but we couldn't because it was not allowed. His body was deformed. The lieutenant colonel came and looked at us, and then he took Mohamed Al Kahtib and killed them both. Before killing them, he made 'targets' out of them; he asked one soldier to shoot his arm, and asked another to shoot his knee etc..


      The body of Mouhamad Khair Naddaf didn't bleed as a result of all the torture and diseases. We put them in the trunk of the car and they were taken to the 'Branch' to be replaced by two new detainees: Hassan Nasrallah from Irbin and Moafak Jandali. We told them, by sign language, that they have to work hard; otherwise they will be killed just like the rest. The very next day, we started thinking seriously about escaping. This idea was in my mind as I was planning to escape on 23rd of Ramadan. The percentage of success, however, was only 1 %. The decision was delayed many times before we decided finally to escape on 27th of Ramadan (AL Qader Night). One of the soldiers (from the city of Daraa) came to me, earlier, and informed me that they will execute me in the very same night (27th of Ramadan).


Escape From the Grave to the Cradle

Hassan Nasrallah relates the details of escape:

       It was morning and they took us to the 'digging site'. The officer approached and said: "If you tried to escape this way there is a military checkpoint and there are military forces around those buildings". I was pleased to hear that information as we were planning to take that same road. We noticed that he didn't expect that we are planning to escape. He reassured us that in this direction


there are military forces and in the other one, there are snipers for the 'armed group' (he meant the Free Army). He added that there is another checkpoint and snipers near the district of Qaboun and if we happened to escape all these checkpoints, we will be an easy target for the 'Branch Snipers'. The officer continued "anyway, I'm here and I will immediately shoot whoever gets far more than four meters."

We were so pleased to hear that information by the officer who, unintentionally, gave us the needed information about the snipers' locations in addition to the location of the Free Army. At the evening, we heard bullets sounds and, apparently, it was towards us. We were sure then that the Free Army was in that direction and we had to get to them to be safe.


     We tried to escape in the 26th of Ramadan as it was dark, but we failed because they changed the 'digging site' to be somewhere near Barzeh district; it was in the opposite direction of the usual place which was an empty land that is only 500 meters far from the rebels.


     That same night we decided to escape the next night (the 27th of Ramadan) so I prayed the 'Estikhara'(a prayer before an important act) with an intention to escape on the night of the 27th Ramadan as we were sure that the lieutenant colonel will execute us the very next day. We prepared ourselves for the escape. That evening, they didn't bring us the dinner as usual. We had to eat from the food in the barrier which was adequate as they followed a policy of 'fattening' the detainees so that they will be able to work hard for several days in a row then execute them. The lieutenant colonel used to say "you should be fat just like sheep to be slaughtered during Eid".


     After dinner, we continued digging. It was around 10:30 pm, I asked the rest if they were prepared, they said they were fully prepared. Officer Hassan, the guard in charge of watching us, was about 15 meters away listening to music and playing with his mobile phone. One of us started acting like digging and the other started throwing soil to make dust around us. Ahmed Hamadeh and I broke the chains using the tools that are used for digging; started with other three detainees, and then we freed ourselves. We waited until the guard has to change the song in the mobile to exploit the light of the mobile phone which will prevent him from seeing us. We agreed to meet at some point in the orchard if we were dispersed during the escape to continue, afterwards, in our way to Irbin district.

    The moment guard turn on his mobile phone, we ran in different directions. We knew that there were two checkpoints with snipers and PKCs.



     Moufak Jandali and Lo'ay Ballur went northward. Fawaz, Ahmed Hamadeh and I took a different direction towards Qaboun. We knew that there is a military checkpoint there. Guard Hassan didn't notice until we were like 30 meters away from the location. He started to shout "Stop! Stop" but we continued running, so he started shooting directly at us. During that time, the two checkpoints, also, opened their fire towards us thinking that there are Free Army agents in the area. We changed our direction to the orchards northwards. I was about to collapse and, suddenly, I fell in a river. Each time I fell, I thought I was shot, in seconds I checked my body and continued running.

     I swam against the current for like 100 meters in the river (in fact it wasn't a river; it was a sewerage system). I then took off my clothes and ran towards the point we agreed to meet at. When I got there, I started calling their names. Ahmed Hamadeh and Lo'ay Ballur answered. We thought the other two were killed, yet we kept looking for them but in vain.

     We continued towards inhabited areas. We were afraid of the fire of the Free Army. When we entered the ' pomegranate orchards', we noticed three armed people walking towards us. At first, we thought they are military soldiers, but when I heard their dialect, I knew they are rebels from Irbin. I immediately threw the stone I was carrying and asked them not to shoot after I introduce myself. I told them that my name is 'Abu Rami  Shuker' from Irbin and that we had just escaped from the Air Force Intelligence Branch. Their reaction was brave and natural; they asked us to grovel. I asked them for 'protection'. I could recognize one of them; I knew his family. When he approached, he could recognize me, so he threw his weapon and hugged me.

     They took us, after that, to some medical point in Irbin. We told them that we lost two other detainees during the escape and we asked them not shoot them if they happened to see them. During that time, Moufak had faced a Free Army checkpoint and they shot him after he refused the order to stop. He was shot with three bullets before they transferred him to the nearest medical point.

Fawaz Badran says:

      After executing the three martyrs, they took the bodies and brought Moufak Jandali instead. That's how the five of us met and decided to escape on the 27th of Ramadan. It was midnight and we were digging. We broke the chains. We knew, then, that there is no way back. They claimed that 'that direction' they have a military checkpoint, but they always shot there, so we knew that it's a Free Army location. The guard was listening to music. We waited until the mobile lit at his face and we said "Allah Akbar" and started running.



      We had decided to run separately towards the orchards of Irbin. The moment they discovered, they started shooting. Not only the military checkpoints, but also AlNusra Front' were shooting at us as they thought that security force were sneaking to the city. There were mines all over the orchards we were running through. They, also, shelled us with mortars. We ran about 1 km, until we found a river and we crossed it to meet the Free Army agents.


At the end of the interview with the witnesses of the 'Crime Branch' of Air Force, All the survivors (Ahmed Hamadeh, Fawaz Badran, and Lo'ay Ballur) met, and they brought a piece of the chain that was supposed to join them towards an absolute death if they didn't break it at the right time.


Ahmad Hamadeh says:

     There is a story behind this chain, by which they tied our legs; it's a story of suffering. We were not allowed to hold it with our hands; walking was very difficult as three or more were chained together; if the middle one wanted to stop, the chain would hinder the one in the front or hurt his leg. It was such a torture for all of us; it caused us a lot of cuts in our legs. We apologized to each other every time we stopped.

     Our worst experience was going to toilet as we were chained together. Sometimes we refused to go to toilet due to the difficulty of the process. If any of us wanted to do anything, the rest of us should do it with him; for example, they asked a detainee, while chained with the rest, to change his place and that was impossible, so they beat him brutally. One of the worst things was asking us to run while chained together which caused a lot of cuts that left scars on our legs till now.

     Breaking the chains was a terrifying mission during which the guard asked us to change our place and dig somewhere else, but we asked him to give us some time 'to finish the hole' so he approved. We started running when he caught his mobile phone and we saw the light of his mobile. He ordered us to stop but we didn't, so he started shooting towards us directly.

The ring of the chain that we broke was 'the salvation' for us all.

A final message by Ahmed:

I want to address the organizations of 'Animal Rights' that there are many Humans not animals in Air Forces Intelligence Branch. They are exposed to indescribable torture.


     If these organizations claim to defend rights, they should check this branch to see the diseases prevailing between detainees; I don't want them to free the detainees, just check their diseases.

     We could escape, but we left about 400 detainees that could be executed. I was detained for 15 months and I know the charges of most of them, and I'm sure that they will be executed. Their conditions are the worst. I hope this message will be delivered to humanity or any responsible organization. Regarding the digging operation, I must deliver this message to the world; the detainees, there, are extremely suffering, especially at the hands of the merciless lieutenant colonel Ma'en who deprived the detainees of water before executing them. We had to kiss their shoes to get water.

We appeal to humanity to help us to get rid of this brutal regime and to intervene to stop the executions in Air Force Branch in Harasta. 


Fawaz says:

     We want the world to know all the atrocities there; the detainees in that branch don't want the Free Army to liberate them, but to carry out suicidal missions to kill everybody there; security agents, guards and detainees to end their torture…death is  more merciful to them.

People might think that Assad will win, but we challenge him and his regime; God is with us. It was a miracle, what happened with us.


Hassan Nasrallah adds:

     Every detainee in this branch is facing an absolute death. The execution is arranged with the coordination of Ma'en and the Commander of the branch, without informing the officers with lesser ranks, even the detainees are not informed of their sentences. They, suddenly, execute a detainee and bury him immediately without delivering his body to his family.  There are about 400 detainees in Air Force Intelligence. They are all sentenced to death.

 There are women too, seven of them from Irbin city. Eleven of the executed detainees were from Irbin, among them a thirteen-years-old kid called Abdurrahman Zarifa who was executed at the hands of lieutenant colonel Ma'en from the Forth Brigade.



A list of the Detainees Killed in Air Force Branch

Fawaz Al Badou, Zamalka, Damascus Suburbs

Naddaf Family, Zamalka, shortness of breath in the collective cell

A detainee from Jobar, shortness of breath in the collective cell

Abdulmueen Shalit, Duma, tortured to death  after the hard labor

Abou Kasim Naddaf ,Zamalka,  executed after the hard labor

Mohamamed Khatib, Kafer Batna, executed after the hard labor

Wael Saraqbi, Zamalka, executed after the hard labor

Ghassan Ballur, Kafer Batna, executed after the hard labor


A list of The Detainees Imprisoned in Air Force Branch


The name of the detainee

Kafer Batna- detained for 21 months

Bilal Ezzo Enaya

Kafer Batna-detained for 13 months

Jihad Wahbe

Kafer Batna- detained for 21 months

Emad Dahboul

Qaboun-detained for two years

Muhammad Ramadan

Kafer Batna

Abdulrazzak Sa'deye


Haitham Kurdi


Fadi Othman

Kafer Batna

Mazen Arad

Kafer Batna

Tareef Bahsh

Kafer Batna

Ma'moun Zeno

Kafer Batna- a dissident soldier 

Abdulrahman Kharbotli

Kafer Batna

Ala'a Albs

Kafer Batna

Ala'a Khalife

Dumair-a dissident soldier 

Ahmad Nasr

Kafer Batna

Nader Zeno


Tawfeek Kaheel

Ain Tarma

Mazen Doghmosh

He has a clinic in Baghdad st.

Dr.Salah, his fathers's name's Bashar- he could not remember his surnameا


Wa'el Zedan

Kafer Batna

Ayman Ja'far


Abdulrahman Haboul


Bassam Antouz


Tawfeek Beetar


Basem Mahaynee


Lo'ay Dalbeek

Tishreen neighborhood

Abdulaziz Ragheb

Tishreen neighborhood

Mhd. Fouzi Marimieh

Tishreen neighborhood

Waleed Ashtar


Sobhi Ghadyan

People's party member- born in1973- a businessman from homs

Dr. Suhail Nshewati


Basem Shehab


Rami Dahla


Omar Naqrash

Tishreen neighborhood in idlib

Muhammad Hamza


Khaleel Jamal

Barzeh- 16 years old

Waleed Jamal


Qusai Doumani

Kafer Batna

Basel Asiri

Kafer Batna

Rabe'e Asiri


Zaher Ghanoum


Haitham Hindi


Shadi Ghanoum

Qaboun- originally from Idlib

Fayad Asa'ad

Kafer Batna- detained for 18 months

Ezzo Adb Raboh

Saqba- detained from 15 months

Mahmoud Ataya

Saqba- detained from 15 months

Firas Shrar

Saqba- detained from 18 months

Waleed Safadi

Qaboun- detained from one year

Abdullah Zeno


Hasan Khateeb


Bilal Leila


Muhammad Dalbeek


Basel Mahaynee

Baghdad st.

Muhammad Ata


Osama Herbawi


Haitham Masri


Sa'eed Queder


Ibraheem Kanjo


Ghyath Wanouseh


Muhammad Idrees


Ghyath Ghanoum


Omar Naqrash


Naser Ghazal


Muhammad Ghazal


Muhammad Shamdeen

Kafer Batna

Khaled No'aeemi

Kafer Batna

Ahmad Jadyana

Kafer Batna

Ma'moun Dofda'a

Kafer Batna

Saleh Zeno


Nour Eddin Shawi

Douma- a medicine student, very bad health condition, sclerosis

Ahmad Saryoul

Douma- a medicine student

Taleb Nahhas

Douma- a medicine student

Ahmad Adas


Subhi Ajlouni

Qeisa- paralyzed hands due to severe torture

Amer Nayfeh

Ain Tarma

Rabe'e Asiree

Idlib- he lives in Naseriyeh residentials-accused of bombing Khankhala Airport in Swedaa

Colonel Hussein


Video report of the five detainees testimony


All Interviews conducted and testimonies gathered by VDC Field Monitoring Team in Eastern Gouta, Damascus Suburbs

General Coordinator: Razan Zaytounah

Majd Al Deek

Tha'er Hejazi

Special Thanks : Orwa Nirabeyh

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